Azure VM Start-Stop Micro-Service
One of the first things IT departments do when they start moving workloads to the cloud, is stopping their VMs on a regular basis to safe money. There are plenty of functions and ways to do this, but I thought, a different approach might be fun too - building this as a micro service with several components on Azure.
Table of Contents
- Architecture / Implementation
Check out my VM Start Stop Micro Service repository on GitHub.
The idea is pretty much the same as any in this regard - tag the VMs with a startup- and shutdown-time tag and run some kind of automation to check the tags and the current time.
But in this case, we run several functions with several components.
The architecture below shows how the components interact. The main orchestrator is the function app, the vm_check function to be exact. This one runs every 5 minutes to check the VMs for the tags startup- and shutdown-time. If the time for either operation matches, a message is being added to the particular queue of the storage account. When a message is added to either queue, another function gets triggered to perform the action (start/stop).
The Function App is where everything starts and comes together. Actually, the function trigger has a cron trigger set to run every 5 minutes which then calls the function check_resources (using an http request )because for some reason, a function with a cron trigger can not have two queue outputs.
The Function App has a managed service identity configured to access the subscriptions.
Also, I have added three configuration settings:
Connection to access the queue storage
URL for the function check_resources
Access key to access the function check_resources
The tags in my case are configured to use UTC but you can set it to any time zone you want.
Azure offers several queuing services, but most of them are for more advanced scenarios. Azure Queue Storage is the best and cheapest way to fulfill our requirements.
Azure Storage Accounts have several endpoints (depending on the SKU) and one of them is queue storage. You can create several queues and address them using the public endpoint.
Go the the GitHub repository VM Start Stop Micro Service, I have added all the steps to the README.md.
I really like this approach because its a more modern than just a script running on a an automation account and you can learn something along the way 😉
You could also use this to start and stop other VM-based Azure services like Azure Kubernetes Services cluster or Azure Data Explorer Cluster.